A CONCORDANCE OF
DANCES FROM THE INNS OF COURT

Introduction

Of the eight Old Measures, all but one appear in all seven manuscripts. Instructions for the Black Alman are given in just five of the manuscripts. The New Alman and Lorayne Alman only appear in RP, so they are not included in this concordance.

On a second folio in a different hand, RCM includes a second description for three of the dances (Quadran Pavan, The Earl of Essex Measure, and the Black Alman). While these are much less detailed than the other directions, they do add value, so we have included them here.

Most transcriptions are taken from Wilson, D. R. "Dancing in the Inns of Court" in Historical Dance, vol. 2, No.5, 1986-87. The transcription of Somerset Record Office DD/WO 55/7, item 36, is from Stokes and Brainard, "`The olde Measures' in the West Country: John Willoughby's manuscript" in Records of Early English Drama, vol. 17, number 2, 1992. Although most of the elements are the same between sources, the exact style of describing the dances varies a good deal. We have added horizontal divisions to facilitate close comparison of the descriptions. It is possible that we have affected the interpretation of the dance somewhat in our assumptions about where these divisions lie.

Within the text of the dances, we have included markings which indicate line breaks in the original text. In some cases these are relevant to the reconstruction of the dance; in most cases, they appear to be arbitrary. Line breaks are indicated by a vertical line |. Slash marks / are included when they appeared in the sources. Standard abbreviations were expanded by Wilson; the additional letters he added are shown in italics: your.



Quadran Pavan

Rawl Poet. 108

SRO DD/WO 55/7

Harleian 367

Douce 280

Rawlinson D.864

Inner Temple, vol 27

RCM 1119

RCM 1119 Fol. 2

The payvan.

The Quadran Pavin./

the quatheren paven

The ould

Measures:

Quadran Pavin.

/1/ The Quadrim Pavin | begening at the first | /strayne/

First Measure the Quadryan | pavin.

1st Quadrian pavin.

Quadrian pavin




Honour. |





ij Singles and

2 singles &

To singles sides and

Two singles syde,

To Singles &

Two singles sides and

Two singles sides and

left right

a duble Forward//

one double forward

a double forward

a double foreward,

a doble | forwarde

a Double forwarde,

a double forwards,

forwards

ij singles syde |

:2: singles side &

to singles sides &

ij Singles | syde &

to singles |

two | single sides and

one single sides and

left right

reprynce backe

a double back

a double backeward |

a double backe

a doble back

a Double backe.

a double back |

backwards


:4: times over:

all over 4 times &

.4. tymes.

/4/ tymes | &

Four times over | and

four times over and




soe end

/honour./

soe end./

soe end./

so end.






Turkelone

The parenthesised sections in Douce 280 are described by Wilson as added in on the line above. Symbols indicate where the text fits within the flow of the dance.

Rawl Poet. 108

SRO DD.WO 55/7

Harleian 367

Douce 280

Rawlinson D.864

Inner Temple, vol 27

RCM 1119

Turquylonye le basse

Turculonye./

the turcke loene

Turkelone.

/2/ Tarquelone begening at | the seconde strayne/

2d Measure

Turky Lonye

2d Treky Lorny.




Honour.




A duble forward

A double forwarde &

A double forward &

Foure doubles foreward.

A duble forwarde &

A Double forward and

A Double forwards and

reprynce backe

a double backe

a double backeward

(& backe)

a | duble backe

a Double baeke

a Double back

iiij times //

:4: times:

4 times


/4/ tymes |

4 times |

four times,

ij | Singles syde

2 singles &

to singles sides with |

ij Singeles syde

set /2/ singles

2 singles Syde

two singles sides, and |

a duble forward

a double forward |

a double forward &

(.2. forw:

a doble forward | &



reprynce backe |


a double backeward then

2 backe),

a duble backe



twyse

twise

to single sides with

arise





a double | forward &







a double backe then







a double forward &

4. doub=|les forwarde

a doble | forward &

and a double forward

a Double forwards



a double backe |

& .4. doubles backe.

a duble backe

and a double | back

and a Double back



4 times &


/4/ tymes as you did before &

4 times and

four times and


then begin all againe/

soe end

honour./

so | ende

soe end./

so end.



The Earl of Essex Measure

Rawl Poet. 108

SRO DD/WO 55/7

Harleian 367

Douce 280

Rawlinson D.864

Inner Temple, vol 27

RCM 1119

RCM 1119 Fol. 2

my lord off Essex measures

ThEarle of Esses his measure./

the Earle of Essex

The Earle

of Essex

measures.

/3/ The Earle of Essix measure begening at the first strayne

3d Measure

The Earle of Essexs Measure

3d Earle of Essex Measure.

Essex Measure




Honour.





A duble forward

A double forwarde and

A double forward &

One double forewardes &

A duble forwarde &

A Double forward and

A Double forwards and

Forward

one single backe

A single backe

a single backe

one single backe

a single | backe

a single, and a single back

a Single back

backward

iiij times // |

:4: times

4 times

.4. | tymes,

/4/ tymes

| 4 times.

four times,

Stop the same again. fall back

ij singles syde

:2: singles syde,

then to singles | sides with

ij. Singles syde,

set tow | singles

Then two singles side and

then two Singles sides &

Set

a duble forward

a double forward | &

a double forward &

one double forward &|

a duble forward &

a double | forward and

a Double | forwards and

lead up

reprynce | backe

a double backe,

a double backe

& one single backe.

a duble backe once

a double back once,

a Double back once,

fall back.


Then begin all againe/

all over againe &

againe all.

doe this | once agayne/

Then all this | measure once over and

then all this measure once over and





honoure &







soe end

soe ende./

& soe end

soe end./.

so end.




Tinternell

Rawl Poet. 108

SRO DD/WO 55/7

Harleian 367

Douce 280

Rawlinson D.864

Inner Temple, vol 27

RCM 1119

Tynternell

Tinternell

Tinternell

Tinternell.

The Tinternneyles begening at ye first strayne

4th Measure Tenternayle

4th Tentarnayle.




Honour.




A duble forward

A double forwarde &

A double forward &

One double forward &

A duble forward &

A Double forward and

A Double forwards and

reprynce backe

a double backe

a double backe

one double backe |

A | duble backe once

a Double back once |

a Double back once,

iij times // |









the tacke wright handes &


take | rite hand in rit hande|

Then take your Woman by the right hand| and

then take your woman by the | right hand and

ij singles

:2: singles &

goe to | singles &

ij Singles &

turne /2/ singles &

slide to slides and

slide two slides and

a duble

a double

a double

a double

A | duble

a double

a Double

rownd

round first with the | one hande &

round in your places

rounde

roune

rounde in Armes |

round in armes



then tacke the left hand





bothe wayes //

then with the other,

| & doe as much agen

both waies

both the wayes |

both ways, Then

both ways | then


a double forward &

a double forward &

.3. doubles | forwarde

A duble forwarde &

a double forward and

a Double forwards and


a double back

a double backe

& .3. doubles backe

A | duble backe

a double | backe

a Double back


3 times

3 times | and


/4/ tymes |

3 times, Then

three times then



soe tack wright handes &

change handes.

take right hand in right | hande

take the woman by the right hand | and

take your woman | by the right hand and


:2: | singles &

goe to singles &


tow singles

slide two singles, and

slide two singles and


a double

a double



a double

a Double


round both wayes./

round in your | places



round |

round



then tacke the left hand &



in Armes

in armes |



doe the same &


both the | wayes &

both wayes and

both ways and




honor &






soe end

soe ende./

soe ende

soe end./

so end.



The Old Alman

Rawl Poet. 108

SRO DD/WO 55/7

Harleian 367

Douce 280

Rawlinson D.864

Inner Temple, vol 27

RCM 1119

The old allmayne


The olde Almaine./

the ould Allman


The ould

Almaine.

The oulde almane| begening at ye | second | strayne

5th Measure

The old Almayne a Round Measure./

5th The old Almane a round measure.

5th The old Almayne.




Honour.





Take both handes, &

Tacke both hands &

Take both handes

Take by both the handes |

Take both hands and

Take both hands and

ij singles

goe :2: singles &

goe to singles &

.2. singles &

turne tow singles &

slyde a single and

slide two singles and

a duble

one double

a double

a double

a | duble

a double |

a Double



to your wright hand |





rownd

round

round in your places &

round

round

round in Armes

round in armes |

bothe ways //

both wayes

as much to the left the

both | waies

both the wayes |

both wayes, Then

both ways then

a duble | forward hoppe iiij tymes

:4 doubles | forward,

4 double forward |

.4. doubles forward,

leade /4/ dubles forwarde |

slyde 4 doubles | rounde about the Hall

slide four Doubles round about the house






and close, ye last double | face to face

and close the | last Double face to face,


then with both handes

then all over againe &

take both handes

take by both the handes &

then hold both Hands | and

then hold both hands and


:2: singles &


.2. | singles &

turne | tow singles &

slyde 2 singles and

slide two singles | and


one double


a double

a duble

a double

a Double


rounde


round

round |

round | in armes

round in armes




both waies.

both the wayes &

both Wayes and

both ways and



soe end

soe end./

soe ende

soe end./

so end.



The Queens Alman

Note that Rawlinson Poet. 108 is quite notably different from the other sources.

Rawlinson Poet. 108

SRO DD/WO 55/7

Harleian 367

Douce 280

Rawlinson D.864

Inner Temple, vol 27

RCM 1119

The quenes allmayne

The Queenes Almaine

the queenes Allman

The Queens

Almaine.

/6/ The Queenes Alman begening at the second strayne/

6th Measure The Queenes Almayne

A Round Measure

6th The Queens Almayne a round measure.




Honour.




ij singles forward

A double forward &

A double forward &

A double forward &

A duble forwarde &

A Double forwards and

A Double forwards and

cast of a duble rownd

a double backe,

a double backe

a .d. backe

a duble | backe

a double back |

a Double back






with the left Legg

with the left legg






turne face to face, and |

turne face to | face and

ij singles | syde

:2: singles syde,

to single sides face to face

.2. singles syde

set tow singles face to | face

sett

set


Caste of A double [round] | rounde,

& | turne a double round

& | a .d. rounde

& turne a duble round

and turne

and turne



in your place

on your lefte hande.

in | youre one place

with the Left Legg |

with the left legg,


A double forwarde

that part over againe

a .d. forwarde &

a duble forwarde |

A Double forward and

a Double forward and


with your righte legge &

with | the other


with the right legge &



reprynce backe twyse //

A double backe,


a .d. | backe

backe

a double back

a Double | back





with | the left legge

with | the Right legg

with the Right legg


2 singles | syde


.2. S. syde

set /2/ singles| face tow face

turne face to face and sett

turne face to face and set


Caste of & a double round


& a .d. round

& turne a duble | round

and |Turne

and turne




on your right hande


with the right legg,

with | the right legg,

a duble forward | hoppe iiij tymes

.5 doubles forwarde, &

then a double forward a double forward &

.4. d. | forward.

leade fiue dubles forward

Then slide | 4 Doubles round the Hall

then slide four doubles round about the house






and close, | the last double Face to face.

and |close the last Double face to face,



a double &

a .d. forward &


Then the | first and

the the first and second


a double backe,

a | double backe then

a .d. backe

| & a duble backe

second parts once a peice

part once a piece over


2: | singles

sett to singles face to face &

2. S. syde

set tow singles | face tow face &

over | againe and

againe, and


cast of A double rounde,

turn a double | round


turne a duble | round





in your place






A double forwarde with your righte legg, A | double backe, :2: singles syde caste of a double rounde

as much with the other foote &

as afore./

doe as you did before &





soe end


soe | ende

soe ende./

so end.



Madam Sosilia Alman

Rawl Poet. 108

SRO DD/WO 55/7

Harleian 367

Douce 280

Rawlinson D.864

Inner Temple, vol 27

RCM 1119

Cycyllya Alemayne

sicillia Almaine

Madam Sosilia

.Cecilia.

/7/ Madam sicillia pauin begening at the first strayne /

Cecilia 7 Measure Sicilia Almaine./

7th Sissilea Almayne.




Honour.




ij singles

2 singles &

To single sides

Two .S. syde &

To singles &

Two singles and

Two singles and

a duble forward

a double forwarde

a double forward &

a .d. forward &

a duble forward | &

a double forwards, and |

a Double forwads and

one single syde|

& a single backe

a single backe |

a .S. backe

a singles backe

a single back

a single back

twyse //

twise,

that part over againe then

twice, |

twise

twice the 1st part and |

twice 1 part | and


parte handes,


part handes


the second time part hands and turne | face to face. / |

the second time part hands and turne face to face






2d pt, Then

2 part | then

ij syngles backe

2 singles | syde and

to singles face to face

.2. S. syde &

set | tow singles face to face

2 single sydes the | first with the left legg, the second | with the right, Then

two singles sides the first with the left legg the second with ye right | then

honour

honor

honour with | the left foote then

honour with your left foote, |

& honer with the left legge |

Honour with the | left Legg and close againe, Then |

Honour with the left legg and close againe then



Change place with

change places with

crosse ouer into each otheres pleaces with

change places with

chang places with |

ij singles |

:2 singles &

to singles &

.2. S. &

tow singles &

2 singles and |

two singles and

a duble forward

a double into your womans place,

a double |

a .d.,

a | duble &

a double

a Double

into eche others place





over into each others places & | turne all face to face, and

over into each others place and turn all | face to face ant

honour | &

then honour & |

honour with the wright foote &

honour with your right | foote,

honer with the right | legge

Honour with | the right legg, Then

Honour with the right legg, then




step forward &


meet with 2 | stepps and

meet with two steps and |

embrace

inbrace

imbrace

embrace,

embrace

embrace,

embrace,

ij singles backe

:2 singles syde &

to singles sides face to face|

.2. S. syde


Doe all this 2d part | step for

do all this 2d part step for

honour

honour

honour

honor with your | left foote,

& honer with | the left lagge

step into your owne places./

step into your own places.

ij singles |

:2 singles &

to singles &

In to your own place,

doe this last | once agayne



a duble

a double

a double

honor as afore./

/ &



into your owne place

into your owne place, | then

Change places as you did before |





honour and |

honour &

honour &





Embrace

imbrace

imbrace &







soe end


soe ende





The Black Alman

Rawlinson Poet. 108 does not contain a dance entitled Black Alman. However, the new cycillia has a somewhat similar structure and is put here for sake of comparison. (Mullally notes the existence in 1570 of Bette's ballad `To the newe tune of the Blacke Almaine, vpon Scissillia.') Rawlinson D.864 contains only the title. In Harleian 367, the description is incomplete. Wilson states "The writer was having trouble with his pen, and may have broken off for this reason." Having examined the manuscript, we would note that the description for Black Alman appears to have been written by a different hand than the rest of the dances in this source. The handwriting is very blotchy, especially the d's, but this does not seem like a reason to have stopped writing.

Rawl. Poet. 108

SRO DD/WO 55/7

Harleian 367

Douce 280

Inner Temple, vol 27

RCM 1119

RCM 1119 Fol. 2

The new cycillia allemaine

The blacke Almaine

the blacke allman

.Blacke.

8 Measure

The Black Almaine

8th

The Black Amaine.

Black Almain /




Honour.




a duble forward hoppe iiij tymes //

ffower doubles forwarde,

fouer double forward then

Fowre doubles forward,

Syde 4 double round about the Hall | and

Sides 4 Doubles round about the house and

Forwards Stop forwards Stop





close the last double face to | face,

Close the last Double face to face |



parte handes,


part handes with

Then part your hands and

then part your hands and


ij singles | backe

a double backe one from an other,

a double backe face to face &

a .d. backe, |

Goe all | in a double back one from another and |

go all in a Double back one fron the other and


ij syngles forward [ij]//

a double | meetinge againe,

a double | forward

meete againe with a .d.,

meet a double againe, Then

meet a Double againe.Then |


a duble forward |

a double on your lefte hand &

then a double to the left hand &

A .d. on your lefte hand,

goe a | double to the left hand and

go a Double to your left hand and

forwards by your selfe

a duble backe twyse//

an other on your righte,

a nother back to the | wright hand

a | nother on your right hand,

as | much back to the right hand |

as much back to your right hand,

twice




the man doe

Then all on the Women syde stand still | and the men

then all ye women stand still | and the men


ij singles forward |


then sat to single sides &

.2. S. &

sett and

set &

Set & turne single

a duble rownd


trune a double round

a .d. | rounde.

turne |

turne,


one after an other



the woman as much,

Then all the men stand still, and | the women sett and turne,

then all ye men stand still and the women set and turne,

Wo: the same

take | hands

take both | handes &


take both handes, |

Then hold | both hands

then hold both hands |and

Hands

a duble into eche others place

goe A double round &


change places with

and change places with

change places with

halfe rounde




a double &

a | double, &

a double and


advance | forwards iij tymes

traverse :4: on your left hande,


slide upwardes .4.,

slide four french slydes to the | mans right hand,

slide four french slides to the mans right hand,

3 slides up

a duble rownd into your | owne place againe



Into | your owne place with

change places againe | with

change places | againe with

Hands halfe round &


A double | rounde &


a .d.,

a double and

a Double, and


advance backe iij times |

traverse fower on your righte


Slyde down .4.,

slyde 4 french slydes | to the right hand againe,

slide four french slides to the right hand againe,

3 slides round





Then| part hands and

Then part hands and


ij singles forward



backe a .d. | one from another,

goe back a double one | from another

go | back a Double one from another

fall back from ye Wo: &

ij singles backe.



meet againe.

and meete a double | againe

and meet a Double againe,

set to her again.




The same againe./

Then all this Measure once | over

Then all this measure once over |






and soe end./

and so end.






The 2nd all the men stand still & the | Women begin sett and turne first and then | men last./

The second all the men stand still and the women begin set and turne and then men last.



Return to the Inns of Court advertisement.


Gregory Blount of Isenfir (Greg Lindahl)