The Robert ap Huw manuscript (B. M. Addl. MS 14905): Bibliography

This is a listing of all known articles and CDs about the manuscript. If you're looking for advice on the best CD and articles for a beginner, please see the introduction article.

Barwise, Maureen. "Some Comments on the `Robert ap Huw MS' (BM add.MS 14905)". The Consort (UK) vol. XLI (July 1985) pp. 55-61.

Bennett, Elinor. Sea of Glass (CD). Lontano Records, 1994. (Recently, Lorelt LNT105.) Includes `Hun Gwenllian' and `Gosteg yr Halen'.

Bowen, Robin Huw. Tannau'r Ddraig: Casgliad o Gerddoriaeth Gymreig i'r Delny Geltaidd / The Dragon's Strings: A Collection of Welsh Music for the Celtic Harp Aberystwyth: Gwasg Teires, 1991. Contains 'Profiad y Botwm' and 'Cainc Ruffydd ab Adda ap Dafydd' arr. Peter Crossley-Holland, and 'Profiad yr Eos Brido,' arr. Arnold Dolmetsch.

Bowen, Robin Huw. Telyn Berseiniol fy ngwlad: Sweet Harp of my land. (CD). Flying Fish FF70610, 1991, 1993. See above book for contents.

Burney, Charles, A General History of Music (London, 1782), Vol. II, pp. 110-114.

Crossley-Holland, Peter, "Secular Homophonic Music in Wales in the Middle Ages", Music and Letters, Vol. XXIII, No. 2, April (Cambridge, 1942) pp.135-162.

Crossley-Holland, Peter, "Folk Music: Welsh", The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 5th edition (London, 1954).

Crossley-Holland, Peter, "The Robert ap Huw Composers", Welsh Music History / Hanes Cerddoriaeth Cymru, Vol. 3 (University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1999).

Crossley-Holland, Peter. `Wales,' The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 1980.

Crossley-Holland, Peter. The Composers in the Robert ap Huw Manuscript: The Evidence for Identity, Dating and Locality, Bangor, 1998.

Dart, Thurston, "Robert ap Huw's Manuscript of Welsh Harp Music (c.1613)", The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. XXI, March (London, 1968) pp.52-65.

Dolmetsch, Arnold, Translations from the Penllyn Manuscript of Ancient Welsh Harp Music (Llangefni, 1937).

Dolmetsch, Arnold, "Concerning my Recent Discoveries", The Consort No. 3 (June 1934).

Dooley, Paul. Music from the Robert ap Huw Manuscript Volume 1. (CD) See

Dowd, Robert E., British Museum Additional Manuscript 14905, M.A. Dissertation (New York University) 1950.

Ellis, Osian. `Ap Huw: Untying the Knot.' Soundings (UK) vol. 6 (1977) 67-87.

Ellis, Osian, "Welsh Music: History and Fancy", Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorian, Session 1972-73 (London, 1973) pp. 73-94.

Ellis, Osian. 17th and 18th Century Harp Music (cassette). Musical Heritage Society MHC6993A, 1969 1986. Includes `Caniad San Silin'.

Ellis, Osian. Hanes y delyn yng Nghymru / The story of the harp in Wales. Cardiff: Gwasg Pritysgol Cymru, 1980.

Ellis, Osian. `Ap Huw, Robert,' The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 1980. vol 1, pp. 501-502.

Evans, Robert, "Robert ap Huw's Harp Tunings: Some Possible Solutions", Welsh Music History / Hanes Cerddoriaeth Cymru, Vol. 3 (University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1999). He has a website at

Fétis, Françoise Joseph, Histoire générale de la musique (Paris, 1874), Vol. IV, pp. 172-176.

Greenhill, Peter: 'An Interpretation of the Harp Tunings of the ap Huw Manuscript', Welsh Music, Vol. 5, No. 3 (1976), pp. 37-42.

Greenhill, Peter, "Melodic Formulas in the Robert ap Huw Manuscript", Welsh Music History / Hanes Cerddoriaeth Cymru, Vol. 3 (University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1999).

Greenhill, Peter, The Robert ap Huw Manuscript: An Exploration of its Possible Solutions, 5 vols. (University of Wales, Bangor, CAWMS dissertation, 1995-2000).

Greenhill, Peter, "The forgotten, silver-voiced harp of Wales".

Harper, Sally, "The Robert ap Huw Manuscript and the Canon of Sixteenth-Century Welsh Harp Music", Welsh Music History / Hanes Cerddoriaeth Cymru, Vol. 3 (University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1999).

Harper, Sally, Music in Welsh Culture before 1650: A Study of the Principal Sources. ISBN 9780754652632. Ashgate, 2007.

Huws, Daniel. "Notes on the Robert ap Huw Manuscript", Welsh Music History, 6 (2004), pp. 46-54.

Jones, T. Gwyn, "Cerdd Dant", Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, Vol I, Pt. II, May (Oxford, 1922) pp. 139-56.

Lewis, Henry, Musica: British Museum Additional Manuscript 14905, Facsimile edition (Cardiff, 1936).

Miles, Bethan, Swyddogaeth a Chelfyddyd y Crythor, M.A. Dissertation (University of Wales, Aberystwyth) 1983.

Maulsby, Sten, a 2004? article in Kilt & Harp, the journal of the Scottish Harp Society of America.

Polin, Claire. The ap Huw Manuscript. The Institute of Mediaeval Music, Ltd., 1982. ISBN 931902-13-4. Institute of Mediaeval Music Ltd., PO Box 295 Henryville PA 18332.

Polin, Claire. `Discovering the Bible's influence in an early Welsh Ms.' Tatlil (Israel) vol. X/19 (1979) pp. 203-208.

Polin, Claire, `Observations on the Ap Huw manuscript.' Music and Leters (UK) vol. LX/3 (July 1979). pp. 296-304.

Polin, Claire: 'A Possible Provenance for Parts of the ap Huw Manuscript', Welsh Music, Vol. 7, No. 8 (1985), pp. 7-23.

Powell, Nia: "Robert ap Huw: A Wanton Minstrel of Anglesey", Welsh Music History/Hanes Cerddoriaeth Cymru, Vol. 3 (1999), pp. 5-53.

Rees, Stephen P. and Harper, Sally, "Aspects of the Palaeography and History of the ap Huw Manuscript", Welsh Music History / Hanes Cerddoriaeth Cymru, Vol. 3 (University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1999).

Sanger, Keith & Kinnaird, Alison, Tree of Strings, Crann nan Teud: a history of the harp in Scotland (Shillinghill, 1992), pp. 172-174.

Sanstone, Maggie. Music in the Great Hall (CD). Maggie's Music, 1992. Includes `Gosteg dafydd athro' and `Caniad marwnad ifan ab y go'.

Schaefer, Andre, Le Musica neu beroriaeth de Robert ap Huw, M.A. Dissertation (University of Paris) 1973.

Sprung, Lowri. `The Robert ap Huw Manuscript: a short survey' Folk Harp Journal n. 80 p. 60 (Summer 1993).

Stivell, Alan. Renaissance of the Celtic Harp (cassette). Rounder Records, 1987. Includes 2:56 of ap Huw. Contains some themes from ap Huw as arranged by Arnold Dolmetsch. These tunes are not in the sheet music associated wtih this recording.

Stivell, Alan. Renaissance de la harpe celtique (LP). Polydor, 1972. Unclear to me what ap Huw stuff is on this.

Taylor, William, Sources for Fingernail Technique. Second edition 2014, minor update 2017. Free download from the Wire Branch of the Clarsach Society.

Taylor, William, "Robert ap Huw's Harp Technique", Welsh Music History / Hanes Cerddoriaeth Cymru, Vol. 3 (University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1999).

Taylor, William. Two Worlds of the Welsh Harp (CD). Dorian Recordings, 1999 (Catalog # 90260). Includes Gosteg Dafyyd Athro, Y ddigan y droell, Kaniad y gwynn bibydd, Kaniad ystafell, Kaniad bach ar y gogower, and Kaingk Dafydd Broffwyd. The other material on the CD comes from the volumes of Edward Jones' Musical and Poetical Relicks of the Welsh Bards.

Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales 2nd edition? (Denbigh, 1870). Contains: John Thomas, "The Musical Notation of the Ancient Britons", pp. 1205-1247.

Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales Volume III: Prose. (London, 1807.)

Chris Ridgeway provided the following details:

Page 442 appears to contain a list of musical pieces, including Cwlwm, Measures, and Cor. At the bottom of the page is a list from the Robert ap Huw MS (RaH MS) of Musical pieces and their corresponding measures. This continues on p.443 and p.444. Refer RaH MS pgs. 102-104

Bottom of P.444 and top of P 445 List of names of tunes notated in the Robert ap Huw MS. See RaH MS p.106

P.445 List of the 24 Measures of Cerdd Dant (from P.107 of Robert ap Huw MS) in binary notation.

P.446 and 447 are the diagrams from page 108 of the RaH MS

P.448 corresponds to page 109 of the RaH MS. Bottom of Page 448 is list of Cwlwm on p 112 of RaH MS.

P.449 to 464 Ancient music from the Book of Rhys Jones (aka The Iolo MS)

P 464 to 495 The Cwlwm Cytgerdd section of the RaH MS (ie. pages 23 to 34 RaH MS)

P.495 and 496 the table of ornaments/figures from RaH MS page 35.

P.497 to 624 Tablature from the RaH MS

P.625 is an extract relating to Cerdd Dannau (Harp and Cwrth Music). Refer page i of RaH MS

Thomas, Einer. Astudiaeth destunol o Statud Gruffudd ap Cynan, Ph.D. thesis, 2001, UCNW, Bangor.

Thomas, Owen: "Robert ap Huw", Yr Haul, Vol. 26, No. 4 (Dolgellau, 1934), pp. 109-112.

Thomas, Wyn, Musica: Llawysgrif Robert ap Huw / The Robert ap Huw Manuscript, Facsimile edition (Godstone, 1987 & Brookfield).

Toivanen, Pekka, "The Robert ap Huw Manuscript and the Dilemma of Transcription", Welsh Music History / Hanes Cerddoriaeth Cymru, Vol. 3 (University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1999).

Toivanen, Pekka. The Pencerdd's Toolkit - Cognitive and Musical Hierarchies in Medieval Welsh Harp Music. Jyväskylä Studies in the Arts # 78, Jyväskylä University Press, 2001. ISBN 951-39-1072-5.

GL: Out of print? It used to be orderable for 30 euros from: University Library of Jyväskylä, P.O. Box 35, FIN-40351 Jyväskylä, Finland. Email at Includes a CD with 61 minutes of music, both reconstruction attempts and experiments.

Travis, James, Miscellanea Musica Celtica (New York, 1968).

Travis, James. Transcriptions from Musica neu Beroniaeth.

Whittaker, Paul D.: 'A New Look at the Penllyn Manuscript', Welsh Music, Vol. 4, No. 6 (1974), pp. 46-56.

Whittaker, Paul D., British Museum Additional Manuscript 14905: an interpretation and re-examination of the music and text, M.A. Dissertation (University of Wales) 1974. Can be found on the CAWMS ap Huw page.

Whittaker, Paul D., "The Tablature of the Iolo Morganwg Manuscript (British Library, MS Add. 14970)", Welsh Music History / Hanes Cerddoriaeth Cymru, Vol. 3 (University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1999).

Whittaker, Paul D. "The Role of Robert ap Huw in the Creation of Lbl MS Add. 14905", Welsh Music History, 6 (2004), pp. 62-86.

Wiliam, Dafydd Wyn: "Robert ap Huw, y Telynior o Fodwigan", Welsh Music, Vol. 4, No. 7 (1974), pp. 23-30.

Wiliam, Dafydd Wyn: Robert ap Huw (1580-1665) : Astudiaeth o"i Gefndir, ei Fywyd a"i Waith (Denbigh, 1975).

Williams, W. S. Gwynn. Ceinciau Telyn Cymru: Harp Tunes of Wales. Cwmni Cyhoeddi Gwynn Cyf, Penygroes, Gwynedd, 1962. Contains 3 partial transcriptions, 1 page of facsimile, and some commentary.

Williams, W.S. Gwynn, Welsh National Music and Dance (Llangollen, 1933).

Musica: V. M. Additional MS. 14905. Cardiff: University of Wales Press Board, 1936. Hinrischen Edition. Facsimile.

Proceedings of the 1995 Robert ap Huw Symposium (abstracts only)

Thanks to Vivien Yarrow, Paul Whittaker, James Polk, Peter Greenhill, and Chris Ridgeway for contributing to this bibliography.

Return to the Robert ap Huw MS homepage.

Greg Lindahl / Gregory Blount of Isenfir