hist-games: Period games: A bibliography

Trevor James trevor.james at virgin.net
Wed Feb 14 14:24:26 PST 2001

Dear All,

Having read a considerable number of messages along the lines of "I'm looking for games in the
period ....", I am appending (but not attaching) a bibliography of (sports &) games that might be
useful. The pages were scanned & proof-read but no editing out has been done. Some of the references
are quite esoteric:
“The Study of Games” by Avedon, E.M. & Sutton-Smith, B. J. Wiley & Sons, Inc, NY (1971)

The History of Games
(This listing has been prepared to offer the reader an indication of the range of materials whict
are available, and does not attempt to offer an exhaustive listing of the materials which are
available The researcher who is investigating the history of a partic~ar game is advised to consult
the many bibliographies throughout this volume.)

Some General References in the English Language

Aspen, I. Pictures of the Manners, Customs, Sports, and Pastimes of  the Inhabitants of England to
the Eighteenth Century, London: J. Harris, 1825
Bell, B. C. Board and Table Games from Many Civilizations, London: Oxford University Press, 1960.
Hett, H. The Games of Children: Their Origin and History, London: Methuen and Company, 1929.	
Bland, E. A. Fifty Years of Sports, London: Daily Mail, 1946 
Bowdoin, W. C. "Playing Cards, Their History and Symbolism” Art and Archaeology, Washington, D.C.,
11, 1921, pp. 106-112
Collins, F. D. Popular Sports: Their Origin and Development. Chicago Rand McNally Co., 1935.
Combrie, J. W. "History of the Game of Hop Scotch," Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute,
10,1886, pp. 403-408.
David, F. N. Games, Gods, and Gambling: Origins and History of Probability and Statistical Ideas
from the Earliest Times to the Newtonian Era, New York: Hafner Publishing Co., 1962.
Deschner, R. B. Evolution of Sports, St. Louis: Fred Medart Co., 1946.
Durant, J. Sports of Our Presidents, New York: Hastings House, 1964.
Dulies, F. R. History of Recreation, New York: Appleton Century Crofts, 1965.
Espinosa, B. "Canute: A Game Handed Down From the Indians to Spanish Settlers in New Mexico Still
Lives on in Native Homes," New Mexico, Santa Fe, 11(5), 1933, pp. 16-17; 46-48.
Etherton, P. T. "Polo Tbrough the Ages," Asia, New York, 31, 1931, pp. 364-641, 664-666.
Eyler, M.H. "Origins of Contemporary Sports," Research Quarterly, Washington, D.C., 32 (4), December
1961, pp. 480-488.
Fiske, W. Chess in Iceland: With Historical Notes on Other Table Games, Florence, Italy: Florentine
Typographical Society, 1905.
Gomme, A. B. Traditional Games of England, Scotland, and Ireland, 2 volumes, London: David Nutt,
1894 & 1898. Reprinted, New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1984.
Hannemann, E. "Games and Modes of Entertainment in the Past Among the People of the Mandang
District," Mankind, Sidney, 5, 1959, pp. 333-344.
Hargrave, C. P. A History of Playing Cards, New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1930.
Harlan, H. V. History of Olympic Games, London: G.B. Foster, & Co., Ltd, 1931.
Hildebrand, J. "The Geography of Games: How the Sports of Nations Form a Gazetteer of the Habits and
Histories of Their Peoples," National Geographic Magazine, Washington, D.C., 36, 1919, pp.89-144.
Hole, C. English Sports and Pastimes: With a Bibliography Covering the History of British
Recreation, London: Batsford, 1949.
Hyde, T. De Ludis Orientalibus libri duo (includes De Historia Shahiludii and De Historia
Nerdiludii), Oxford, 1694.
Meadows, K. Backgammon, Its History and Practice, New York: Barry Vail Corp., 1931.
Moncton, O. P. Pastimes in Times Past, London: West Strand Publishing Co., 1913.
Morley, H. T. Old and Curious Playing Cards, Their History and Types, London: B.T. Batsford, Ltd.,
Moss, P. Sports and Pastimes Through the Ages, New York: Arco Press, 1963.
Murray, H. J. R. A Short History of Chess, London: Oxford University Prcss, 1963.
-----------History of Board Games Other Than Chess, London: Oxford University Press, 1952.
-----------A History of Chess, London: Oxford University Press, 1913.
Nally, T. H. The Aonach Tailteann and the Tailteann Games; Their Origin, History and Ancient
Associations, Dublin: Talbot Press, Ltd., 1928.
Rudolph, R. C. "The Antiquity of T'ou Hu," Antiquity, Newbury Berks, 24, 1950, pp. 175-178.
Salt, L. E. Recreation: Past and Present, London: Oxford University Press, Junior Encyclopaedia
Series, 9, 1956.
Smith, H. Festivals, Games, and Amusements: Ancient and Modern, New York: 
J. & J. Harper, 1831.
Szukovathy, I. "Some Notes on the History of Sports Bibliographies," Research Quarterly, Washington,
D.C., no.8, 1937, pp. 3-14.
Tylor, E. B. "Lecture: The History of Games," Proceedings of the Royal Institution, 9, March 14,
1879, p. 125. Also published in Popular Science Monthly, 15, p. 225.
Young, I. P. History and Bibliography of War Gaming, Arlington, Va.: Armed Services Technical
Information Agency, Staff Paper ORO-SP-13, April, 1957.
Young, J. P. Survey of Historical Developments in War Games, Mclean, Va.: Research Analysis Corp.,
ORO-Staff Paper no.98, August 1959.

Selected References Relating to Various Historical Periods  - Preliterate, Ancient, Medieval, and
Early Modern Times.

Amsden, C. "A Prehistoric Rubber Ball," The Masterkey, Los Angeles, 10, 1936, pp. 7-8.
Im Thum, E. F. "Primitive Games," Argosy, Georgetown, 1890, pp. 270-307.
Im Thurn, E. F. "Primitive Games," Timehri, Demerara, 3, pt. 2, Dec. 1889. Reviewed in The American
Anthropologist, 3 (3), July 1890, p.293, by John Murdock.
Im Thurn, E. F. "Primitive Games," Thoughts, Talks, and Tramps, London, 1934, pp. 3~58.
Mehi, E. "Baseball in the Stone Age," Western Folklore, Berkeley, 7, 1948, pp. 14~161.
Padmanabhackari, T. "Games, Sports, and Pastimes in Prehistoric India," Man in India, Ranchi,
21,1941, pp. 127-146.

"Ancient Mesopotamian Die (c. 2750 B.C.) Goes To Museum," El Palacio, 31, (3), p.41, July 22, 1933.
Austin, R. G. "Greek Board Games," Antiquity, Gloucester, England, 14, 1940, pp.257-271.
Austin, R. G. "Roman Board Games," Greece and Rome, London, 4, 1934.
Austin, R. G. "Zeno's Game of Table," Journal of Hellenic Studies, 44, 1934, p.202.
"Backgammon Almost Four Thousand Years Ago," El Palacio, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 1931, pp. 84-85.
"Boxing and Wrestling Five Thousand Years Ago near Baghdad," El Palacio, 43 (1,2,3), July 7, 14, and
21, 1937, pp. 16-17.
"Egyptian Dice," Field Museum News, Chicago, 1 (10), 1930, p.1.
Erman, A. "Recreation," Life in Ancient Egypt, London: Macmillan Company, 1894, pp. 234-258.
Falkener, E. Games Ancient and Oriental, New York: Dover Publications, Inc. Reprint of the 1892
edition, 1961.
"Football-An Ancient Game," Natural History, New York, 22, 1922, pp. 574-575.
Gadd, C. J. "Babylonian Chess?" Iraq, London, 8, 1946, pp. 66-72.
Gadd, C. J. "The Palm Tree Game," Illustrated London News, no. 23, Oct.1936, p.709.
Gardiner, E. N. Athletics of the Ancient World, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1930.
Gardiner, E. N. Greek Athletic Sports and Festivals, London: Macmillan and Company, 1910.
Gusman, P. "Tabula," Pompeii, The City, Its Life and Art, London, 1900.
Kerl, H. "Ancient Games and Popular Games," American Imago, 15, 1958, pp. 41-89.
Lanciani, R. "Gambling and Cheating in Ancient Rome," North American Review, 1892, pp. 97-105.
Martin, H. "Babies Rattles from 2600 B.C. and Other Ancient Toys," Field Museum News, Chicago, 8
(8), 1937, p.5.
Nash, W. I. "Ancient Egyptian Draughtsboards and Draughtsmen," Proceedings of the Society of
Biblical Archaeology, London, 24, 1902, p.341.
Parker, H. "Alquerque," Ancient Ceylon, London, 1909, pp .579, 644.
Poole, L. History of Ancient Olympic Games, London: Vision Press, 1963.
Ridgeway, W. "The Game of Thirty Squares," Journal of Hellenic Studies, London, 16, 1896, p. 288.
Tacitus, C. "Dice," Germania A.D. 99, Chapter 26.
Thompson, D. W. "Games and Playthings," Greece and Rome, London, Oxford University Press, 2,
Towry-White, E. "Types of Ancient Egyptian Draughtsmen," Proceedings of the Society of Biblical
Archaeology, London, 24, 1902, p.261.
Wilson, 3. A. "Ceremonial Games of the New liingdom," Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, London, 17,
1931, pp.211-220.
Woolley, L. "The Sumerian Game," Ur, The First Phase, LOndon: Penguin Books, 1946.
Young, N. D. "Did the Greeks and Romans Play Football?”Research Quarterly, Washington, D.C., 15,
1944, pp. 310-316.

Allen, A. B. Games of the Sixteenth Century, London: Rockcliffe New Project Pamphlets, 1949.
Anderson, A. 3. "Home Diversions of the Aztec Chief," El Palacio, 55, 1948, pp. 125-127.
Armitage, II. 3. "The Saxon Game Hnefatafl," Time of St. Dunstan, London: Oxford University Press,
1923, p.69.
Bennett, H. "Games of the Old Time Maori," The New World, Christchurch, N.Z., 1958, pp. 45-47.
Borbegyi, S. F. "Ball-Game Handstones and Ball-Game Gloves”, Essays in Pre-Columbian An and
Archaeology, Cambridge, Mass., 1961, pp. 126-151.
Brandes, R. S. "An Early Ball Court Near Globe Arizona," Kiva, Tucson, 23 (1), 1957,
pp. 10-11.
Brewster, P.G. "Games and Sports in 16th and 17th Century English Literature, Western Folklore,
Berkeley, California, 6, 1947, pp. 143-156.
Caso, A. "Notes on Ancient Games," Mexican Folkways, Mexico, 7, (2),  1932, pp. 56-60.
Diego, A. "Ancient Games in Ancient Plazas," New Mexico, Albuquerque, 14 (7), 1936,
pp. 22-23, 43.
Ekholm, G. F. "Puerto Rican Stone Collars as Ballgame Belts” Essays in Pre-Columbian Art and
Archaeology, Cambridge, Mass., 1961, pp.356-371.
Emory, K. P. "Sports, Games, and Amusernents," Ancient Hawaiian Civilization, 1933, pp. 141-153.
Finney, B. H. "Surfing in Ancient Hawaii," Polynesian Society Journal, Wellington, N.Z. 68, 1959,
Goellner, W. A. "The Court Ball Game of the Aboriginal Mayas?” Research Quarterly, Washington, D.C.,
24 (2), May 1953, pp. 147-168.
Hencken, H. O'N. "A Gaming Board of the Viking Age," Acta Archaeologica, Copenhagen, 1938, pp.
Kenn, C. W. "Ancient Hawaiian Sports and Pastimes," Mid-Pacific, Honolulu, 48, 1935, pp.308-316.
Kutscher, G. "Ceremonial Badminton in the Ancient Culture of Peru," Third Proceedings of the
International Congress of Americanists, Copenhagen, 1958, pp. 42~432.
Micklewaith, J. J. Indoor Games of School Boys in The Middle Ages, London: 1892.
Parsons, E. W. C. "Some Aztec and Pueblo Parallels," American Anthropologist, 35, (4), Oct-Dec.
1933, pp. 611-631.
Redstone, V. B. "The Game of Fox and Geese," England Among The War of The Roses, Transactions of the
Royal Historical Society, 21, 1902, p.195.
Sjovold, T. "The Nine Men's Morris Game," The Viking Ships, Oslo, 1954, p.7
Smith, A. L. "Types of Ball Courts in the Highlands of Guatemala," Essays in Pre-Columbian Art and
Archaeology, Cambridge, Mass., 1961, pp. 100-125.
Spence, L. Myth and Ritual in Dance, Came, and Rhyme, London: Watts and Co., 1947.
Tylor, F. B. "On American Lot Games as Evidence of Asiatic Intercourse Before the Time of Columbus,"
International Archives for Ethnography, Supplement to 9, pp. 55-67; 1896.
Tylor, E. B. "on the Game of Patolli in Ancient Mexico and Its Probably Asiatic Origin," Journal of
the Royal Anthropological Institute, 8, April 9,1878, pp.116-131.
Wright, T. History of the Domestic Manners and Sentiments in England During The Middle Ages, London,

Early Modern
Backus, E. M. "Ancient Game of Courtship from North Carolina," Journal of American Folklore, 18
(48), Jan-Mar. 1900, p.104.
Betts, 3. R. "The Technological Revolution and the Rise of Sport," 1850-1900," Mississippi Valley
Historical Review, September 1953.
Cotton, C. The Compleat Gamester, 1674, bound with Lucas, T. Lives of the Gamesters, 1714, titled,
Games and Gamesters of the Restoration, London: G. Routeledge and Sons, 1930.
Durant, J. Pictorial History of American Sports: from Colonial Times to the Present New York: A. S.
Barnes, 1952.
Ewing, W. C. The Sports of Colonial Williamsburg, Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, 1937.
Fink, R.W. "Recreation Pursuits in the Old South," Research Quarterly, Washington, D.C., 1951, 22,
Henderson, B. W. Early American Sports: Prior to 1860, New York: A.S. Barnes Co., 1953.
Heywood, W. Palio and Ponte; An Account of the Sports of Central Italy from the Age of Dante to the
Twentieth Century, London: Methuen and Co., 1904.
Holliman, J. American Sport: 1785-1835, Durham, N.C.: The Sieman Press, 1931.
McKenzie, B. "The Seminoles Were Recognized as the Leading Ball Players Years Ago," American Indian,
Tulsa, 1(5), 1927, p.10.
Manchester, H. Four Centuries of Sport in America: 1490-1890, New York: Derrydale Press, 1931.
Mason, B. Primitive and Pioneer Sports for Recreation, New York: A. S. Barnes and Co., 1937.
Portmann, P. Brueghel: Children's Games, Berne: Hallwag, Ltd., 1964.
Rider, C. "The Sporting Scene: 1864," American Scholar, 15, Summer,
1946, pp.348-352.
Smith, H. W. A Sporting Family of the Old South, New York: J. B. Lyon Co., 1936.
Wanchope, B. "The Middle American Ball Game in 1750," El Palacio, Santa Fe, 55, 1948, pp. 299-301.
Weaver, R. B. Amusements and Sports in American Life: During the Past 300 Years, Chicago: University
of Chicago Press, 1939.
Weiss, H. B. Early Sports and Pastimes in New Jersey, Trenton: Pastimes Press, 1960.
Whitehouse, F. R. B. Table Games of Georgian and Victorian Days, London, 1951.

Trevor (York,UK)

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