hist-brewing: More on Oz honeys

Dan McFeeley mcfeeley at keynet.net
Fri Feb 9 09:35:05 PST 2001


I've tacked on some data from the research of John W. White jr. on the
varying characteristics of honey according to floral type and color.
Looking at that, makes you wonder what kinds of unique honeys are to
be found in the land of Oz!


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Dan McFeeley
mcfeeley at keynet.net



           Citrus  Clover  Fireweed  Mesquite  Rasp.  Sage   T.Pop   Tupelo

Moisture   16.5    17.7    16.0      15.5      17.4   16.0   17.6    18.2 
Levulose   30.9    37.9    39.3      40.4      34.5   40.4   34.6    43.3 
Dextrose   32.0    31.0    30.7      36.9      28.5   20.2   25.9    26.0 
Sucrose     2.8     1.4     1.3       0.95      0.5    1.1    0.7     1.2 
Maltose     7.2     7.7     7.1       5.4       5.7    7.4   11.6     0.0 
High.Sug.   1.4     1.4     2.1       0.35      3.6    2.4    3.0     1.1 
pH          3.84    3.77    3.03      4.20      4.04   3.51   4.45    3.87
Total acid 30.34  26.53    26.77     16.33     39.19  29.10  42.99   36.59
Ash         0.073   0.071   0.108     0.129     0.471  0.108  0.460   0.128 
Nitrogen    0.014   0.039   0.032     0.012     0.076  0.037  0.076   0.046 


AVERAGE COMPOSITION OF 490 SAMPLES OF HONEY AND RANGE OF VALUES
_______________________________________________________________
                                      Standard
Characteristics Measured    Average   Deviation     Range
_______________________________________________________________

Moisture, percentage        17.2      1.46          13.40 - 22.9
Fructose, percentage        38.19     2.07          27.25 - 44.26
Glucose, percentage         31.28     3.03          22.03 - 40.75
Sucrose, percentage          1.31     0.95           0.25 -  7.57
Maltose, percentage          7.31     2.09           2.74 - 15.98
Higher sugars, percentage     1.50    1.03           0.13 -  8.49
Undetermined, percentage      3.1     1.97           0.0  - 13.2
pH                            3.91    ----           3.42 -  6.10
Free Acid, meq/kg            22.03    8.22           6.75 - 47.19  
Lactone, meq/hg               7.11    3.52           0.00 - 18.76
Total Acid, meq/kg           29.12   10.33           8.68 - 59.49
Lactone/free acid             0.335   0.135          0.000 -  .950
Ash, percentage               0.169   0.15           0.020 - 1.028
Nitrogen, percentage          0.041   0.026          0.000 -  .133


Average Composition of Honey Samples Classified by Color

Color Code  %Moisture %Fructose %Glucose %Sucrose %Maltose %Higher Sugars
_________________________________________________________________________

0           16.7      38.51    32.59     2.71     6.48     1.16
1           16.7      38.04    31.79     1.83     7.09     1.40
2           17.1      38.56    32.38     1.31     6.76     1.44
3           17.1      38.33    32.60     1.63     6.54     1.30
4           17.3      38.62    32.28     1.38     6.64     1.24
5           17.6      38.32    32.19     1.16     6.78     1.18
6           17.0      38.48    31.32     1.19     7.28     1.41
7           17.6      38.83    30.85     1.06     7.11     1.21
8           17.2      37.89    29.76      .99     8.37     1.75
9           17.5      36.92    29.96     1.01     8.33     1.89      
10          16.5      34.19    26.47      .87    10.45     3.80
11          17.1      34.96    26.39      .88    10.04     2.64
12          18.9      36.34    29.60      .93     8.05     1.63



Average Composition of Honey Samples Classified by Color  (cont.)

Color Code  Color                             pH       Total Acid (Meq/kg)
_________________________________________________________________________
0           Light half of Water White         3.87     16.25
1           Dark half of Water White          3.82     18.99
2           Light half of Extra White         3.83     21.44
3           Dark half of Extra White          3.79     24.15
4           Light half of White               3.32     27.67
5           Dark half of White                3.87     28.89
6           Light half of Extra Light Amber   3.94     31.44
7           Dark half of Extra Light Amber    3.95     34.05
8           Light half of Light Amber         4.18     33.80
9           Dark half of Light Amber          4.00     40.46
10          Light half of Amber               4.44     41.25
11          Dark half of Amber                4.40     46.00
12          Dark Amber                        4.02     44.14




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